“Why do you keep saying I’m a boy
when I’m a girl?” Guthli asks her mother.
Tulika's latest picture book, Guthli
Has Wings by Kanak Shashi, is a compelling story about gender identity. Framed by vibrant cut-out
illustrations it explores, simply but boldly, the confusion and
acceptance that Guthli and her loving family go through. We spoke to the author
about her book, the process and the challenges that she faced.
What prompted you to write Guthli?
I have always been interested in gender. In how the world seems too neatly divided into two genders – almost like a black and white strip, where grey spaces are taken into account reluctantly, if at all, while violently ‘othered’ most of the time. I have been exploring these themes for a long time. One thing that has always drawn my attention particularly is the performative aspect of gender – the way we are, our whole existence is, gendered. And that is not only about the ‘choice’ of clothes. It’s a long, long list of dos and don’ts of acceptable roles.
So, when I was working for FICA (Foundation for Indian Contemporary Art) on a magazine project with a group of children in Delhi, I observed that sometimes they used to tease each other – “Ye ladki ke jaise mehndi lagake aaya hai... ye ladkon ki tarah football khelti hai... (He’s come wearing mehendi like a girl… She’s playing football like a boy…) etc. So we discussed what they understood about gender, what the differences were between boys and girls, and we did a fun activity where we changed gender roles. Some of them were shy, but most of them copied all the available stereotypes. The point is that those children actually enacted the performance of gender, and in that way also thought about the whole process.
This exercise was a learning experience for me. And it gave me the idea for another Guthli story. Guthli was not a new character at that time. I had already written a couple of stories with Guthli as a girl. But that activity with children added a new dimension – it opened for me the possibilities to explore the fluidity of gender through this character.
When was the story first published?
In 2015, in Being Boys (Tulika).
I had written Guthali Toh Pari Hai in Hindi – yes, I write in Hindi! – in 2010, which my friend Rinchin translated into English as Guthli Has Wings, and this was suggested as a story for the anthology Being Boys. Recently, a Bhopal-based NGO Muskaan published it as part of their English reader set. And now this picture book!
Why did you decide to write a picture book addressing very young children in the 5 to 7 age group? Aren't they too young to understand issues of gender identity?
As seen in the children’s activity I just spoke about, I think the sooner you start talking to children the better it is. I have seen children aged 3-6 years trying on each other’s clothes – girls wearing boys’ clothes and vice-versa. Boys speak like girls (main nahi jaoongi-aaoongi) and girls like boys (khaoonga-pioonga). This is all before the standard gender roles are firmly cemented in their minds. For them it’s a fun thing, they can be anything they want... a girl, a boy, or something entirely different.
Children are intelligent beings incessantly exploring the world around them and getting amazed by it. Biases and prejudices are not in their nature – they learn these at a very young stage from us, the adult world. The point is that we are teaching these to them from a very, very early stage. Now, if we want to cultivate a different sensibility about gender, the time to start that too is at a much younger stage than we usually concede.
What were the challenges when writing a picture book on a theme that is seen widely as a ‘taboo’ in children's books?
There was nothing especially challenging about writing the book! Of course, every work is challenging, as in you try to explore new ways and perspectives of seeing, creating and experiencing things. In that way, given the ‘taboo’, that is, talking about gender, the challenge is now for the readers – teachers, parents, etc. Somehow, I have a feeling that it won’t be as confusing for the children as it might be for the adults.
Have you interacted with this age group using the story?
Not with this story in particular, but I have interacted with children on these themes.
Would you agree that such books are needed to sensitise adults more than children as it is their attitudes that influence children the most?
Lots of material is already available for adults, but do they read it? Maybe they don’t feel the need to read, and even if they do, how many of them talk about gender with their children? I think discussions – asking questions – are important, and children are better at that. What parents need to do is to be honest if they don’t know the answers to the questions raised by children. Then they should find out about them, rather than brushing aside the children’s questions.
You have also illustrated the book. Was there any reason to choose this particular style of art using paper cut-outs?
In art practice, you always try to experiment and explore things. That is the fun of doing art. And since I was also the writer in this case, it gave me more freedom to play around with the medium.
Kanak Shashi loves walking amidst nature collecting twigs, leaves, seeds and feathers, and wondering what stories they may hold within. An artist, she has studied painting at MS University, Vadodara, and been illustrating, writing and designing children’s books for over a decade.